Interview as a technique of collecting information: strategy of concerns
It is necessary to differentiate interviews as a technique of gathering interviewing and information as a genre. In the first situation, interview, that is, interaction with people, is one of three straight ways to have information by way of a researcher. Two alternative methods are:
- observation, if the researcher himself is an eyewitness for the event,
- working together with papers, where in fact the document means any material carrier texts that are containing pictures.
Kinds of interviews and their function
Interviews as a technique of data gathering in change are divided into:
- genre (for preparation of text within the genre of interview),
- investigative (for information),
- reportage (to determine the characteristics of an individual, then to reflect them into the text).
The reportage interview had been discussed in the past chapter. Concerning the investigative will be told into the chapter on information retrieval. The theme of the chapter is meeting as being a genre, being a way of text formatting by means of concerns from a interviewer and also the responses associated with interlocutor. During the same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, in which the wide range of concerns of this researcher is minimized (they generally are not any after all), in the other pole — a discussion, if the journalist not just asks concerns, but also talks much with long arguments.
The fact the interview is a conversation, indicates concerning the same number of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. When you look at the usual interview, the interviewer responses simply take 70-90% for the text. A discussion may be conducted by way of a journalist, by authority equal to the interlocutor, so the opinion of this journalist has also been interesting to readers, because the viewpoint regarding the interlocutor. If a regular journalist talks the maximum amount of or even more in an interview as an interlocutor, this really is a indication of inadequate qualification.
Forms of interviews with respect to the topic. Subject interview
With regards to the subject, you can find three kinds of interviews:
Topic of the topic meeting is their state of things in almost any field of activity. Usually this is certainly a job interview with a specialist, a genre of rational publicism. The interlocutor is interesting towards the journalist just as much as he could be linked to this situation. For instance, a police officer tells how exactly to protect a condo from thieves. The physician describes just how to protect your self through the flu epidemic. The economic advisor makes a forecast just how long the crisis is going to be on the trade. Neither the interlocutor’s opinion on conditions that deviate from the meeting topic, nor the life that is private of interlocutor is of great interest.
The dwelling associated with the interview that is subject of three parts. First, they reveal the interlocutor’s reference to the topic. Then there clearly was a parsing regarding customwritingsite.com the subject for the true purpose of its presentation, clarification and assessment. The topic meeting comes to an end utilizing the streamlining of the thing that was stated, summarizing, practical guidelines to visitors.
The hero associated with the topic interview can additionally be an eyewitness or participant in case. It is information interview, one of many news genres. The job associated with journalist is to learn whenever possible the important points and information on what happened. The interlocutor’s communication with the topic is first shown, then the topic is deepened, and the ending is devoted to general impressions of what happened and the conclusions that the interlocutor made as in the case of an expert.